Klett-Cotta-Verlag Psychology
Hauptbeitrag

Die potentiell traumatische Erfahrung – wie entscheidet sich, ob es zur Traumafolgestörung kommt?

Lehren aus der Forschung an Holocaust-Überlebenden


April 2019, 27. Jahrgang, Heft 2, pp 111-131

DOI 10.21706/ka-27-2-111



Zusammenfassung
Die Forschung an Holocaust-Überlebenden und der nachfolgenden Generation ist der größte existierende Fundus psychotraumatologischer Erkenntnisse. Auf der Grundlage dieses Wissens widmet sich die Arbeit drei Fragen: In welchem Umfang erlitten die Opfer der ersten Generation bleibende Beeinträchtigungen? Wie lassen sich die oft überraschend posi­tiven Entwicklungen erklären? Wurden die psychopathologischen Folgen an die nächste Generation weitergegeben? Die Antworten zeigen, dass der aktuelle Meinungsstand einer Neubewertung bedarf.

Abstract
Clinching Factors for Trauma Sequel Disorders – Insights from research on Holocaust survivors
Research on Holocaust survivors and the subsequent generation is the largest single source of new insights into psycho-traumatological processes. On the basis of this knowledge, the article focuses on three questions: To what extent did the first-generation victims suffer lasting impairments? What explanation is there for the often surprisingly positive developments? Have the psychopathological after-effects been passed on to the next generation? The answers to these questions indicate that opinion on these issues needs to be looked at much more closely.

Résumé
L’expérience potentiellement traumatique – comment expliquer l’apparition d’un trouble traumatique ? – Que nous apprend la recherche sur les survivants de l’holocauste ?
La recherche sur les survivants de l’holocauste et la génération suivante constitue la plus grande source de connaissances psychosomatiques existante. Sachant cela, le présent travail pose trois questions : quelle est l’ampleur des dommages irréversibles subis par les victimes de la première génération ? Comment peut-on expliquer les évolutions positives souvent surprenantes ? Les conséquences psychopathologiques se sont-elles répercutées sur la génération suivante ? Les réponses montrent qu’il est nécessaire de réexaminer l’état actuel de l’opinion.
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