Klett-Cotta-Verlag Psychology

Die potentiell traumatische Erfahrung – wie entscheidet sich, ob es zur Traumafolgestörung kommt?

Lehren aus der Forschung an Holocaust-Überlebenden

April 2019, 27. Jahrgang, Heft 2, pp 111-131

DOI 10.21706/ka-27-2-111

Die Forschung an Holocaust-Überlebenden und der nachfolgenden Generation ist der größte existierende Fundus psychotraumatologischer Erkenntnisse. Auf der Grundlage dieses Wissens widmet sich die Arbeit drei Fragen: In welchem Umfang erlitten die Opfer der ersten Generation bleibende Beeinträchtigungen? Wie lassen sich die oft überraschend posi­tiven Entwicklungen erklären? Wurden die psychopathologischen Folgen an die nächste Generation weitergegeben? Die Antworten zeigen, dass der aktuelle Meinungsstand einer Neubewertung bedarf.

Clinching Factors for Trauma Sequel Disorders – Insights from research on Holocaust survivors
Research on Holocaust survivors and the subsequent generation is the largest single source of new insights into psycho-traumatological processes. On the basis of this knowledge, the article focuses on three questions: To what extent did the first-generation victims suffer lasting impairments? What explanation is there for the often surprisingly positive developments? Have the psychopathological after-effects been passed on to the next generation? The answers to these questions indicate that opinion on these issues needs to be looked at much more closely.

L’expérience potentiellement traumatique – comment expliquer l’apparition d’un trouble traumatique ? – Que nous apprend la recherche sur les survivants de l’holocauste ?
La recherche sur les survivants de l’holocauste et la génération suivante constitue la plus grande source de connaissances psychosomatiques existante. Sachant cela, le présent travail pose trois questions : quelle est l’ampleur des dommages irréversibles subis par les victimes de la première génération ? Comment peut-on expliquer les évolutions positives souvent surprenantes ? Les conséquences psychopathologiques se sont-elles répercutées sur la génération suivante ? Les réponses montrent qu’il est nécessaire de réexaminer l’état actuel de l’opinion.
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